Published by: Kowsar

Teaching Anatomy: Viewpoints of Iranian Anatomists

Gholamreza Hassanzadeh 1 , * , Narges Hassanpoor 2 , Arash Jalali 3 , Negar Hassanzadeh 4 , Mehryar Jafari 2 and Nekoo Panahi 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
4 School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Thrita: December 10, 2012, 1 (2); 62-6
  • Published Online: December 1, 2012
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 10, 2012
  • Revised: May 21, 2012
  • Accepted: May 28, 2012
  • DOI: 10.5812/thrita.6434

To Cite: Hassanzadeh G, Hassanpoor N, Jalali A, Hassanzadeh N, Jafari M, et al. Teaching Anatomy: Viewpoints of Iranian Anatomists, Thrita. 2012 ;1(2):62-6. doi: 10.5812/thrita.6434.

Copyright © 2012, Thrita. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Pangaro LN. A shared professional framework for anatomy and clinical clerkships. Clin Anat. 2006; 19(5): 419-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Alipour Heydari M, Hasanzadeh GR, Haji Seied Javadi Z. Attitude Of Dentistry Students At Clinical Sections Of Qazvin Medical University Towards The Application Of Basic Sciences Courses. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2002; 22: 38-42
  • 3. Graham HJ. Patient confidentiality: implications for teaching in undergraduate medical education. Clin Anat. 2006; 19(5): 448-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Lockwood AM, Roberts AM. The anatomy demonstrator of the future: an examination of the role of the medically-qualified anatomy demonstrator in the context of tomorrow's doctors and modernizing medical careers. Clin Anat. 2007; 20(4): 455-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Leung KK, Lu KS, Huang TS, Hsieh BS. Anatomy instruction in medical schools: connecting the past and the future. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2006; 11(2): 209-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Hassanzadeh G, Alipour Heydari M, Eslami M, Kazemi N, Sarshar M, Ghomashi B, et al. Success rate in basic medical sciences national exam among graduates and students applying for transfer to Iran. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2012; 15(4): 101-7
  • 7. Moxham BJ, Plaisant O. Perception of medical students towards the clinical relevance of anatomy. Clin Anat. 2007; 20(5): 560-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Jones DG. Anatomy and ethics: an exploration of some ethical dimensions of contemporary anatomy. Clin Anat. 1998; 11(2): 100-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Mitchell BS, Xu Q, Jin L, Patten D, Gouldsborough I. A cross-cultural comparison of anatomy learning: learning styles and strategies. Anat Sci Educ. 2009; 2(2): 49-60[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Older J. Anatomy: a must for teaching the next generation. Surgeon. 2004; 2(2): 79-90[PubMed]
  • 11. Jones DG. Anatomy departments and anatomy education: reflections and myths. Clin Anat. 1997; 10(1): 34-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Cottam WW. Adequacy of medical school gross anatomy education as perceived by certain postgraduate residency programs and anatomy course directors. Clin Anat. 1999; 12(1): 55-65[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Patel KM, Moxham BJ. The relationships between learning outcomes and methods of teaching anatomy as perceived by professional anatomists. Clin Anat. 2008; 21(2): 182-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Hayes B. An experiment using teacher centered instruction versus student centered instruction as a means of teaching American government to high school seniors. 2006;
  • 15. Drake RL, Lowrie DJ, Jr, Prewitt CM. Survey of gross anatomy, microscopic anatomy, neuroscience, and embryology courses in medical school curricula in the United States. Anat Rec. 2002; 269(2): 118-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Winkelmann A. Anatomical dissection as a teaching method in medical school: a review of the evidence. Med Educ. 2007; 41(1): 15-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Arroyo-Jimenez Mdel M, Marcos P, Martinez-Marcos A, Artacho-Perula E, Blaizot X, Munoz M, et al. Gross anatomy dissections and self-directed learning in medicine. Clin Anat. 2005; 18(5): 385-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Smith CF. In response to Dr. Patel and Professor Moxham "Attitudes of professional anatomists to curricular change". Clin Anat. 2006; 19(8): 780-1[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Scott TM. How we teach anatomy efficiently and effectively. Med Teach. 1993; 15(1): 67-75[PubMed]
  • 20. van Engelshoven JM, Wilmink JT. Teaching anatomy; a clinicians view. Eur J Morphol. 2001; 39(4): 235-6[PubMed]
  • 21. Fitzgerald JE, White MJ, Tang SW, Maxwell-Armstrong CA, James DK. Are we teaching sufficient anatomy at medical school? The opinions of newly qualified doctors. Clin Anat. 2008; 21(7): 718-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Heylings DJ. Anatomy 1999-2000: the curriculum, who teaches it and how? Med Educ. 2002; 36(8): 702-10[PubMed]
  • 23. Dangerfield P, Bradley P, Gibbs T. Learning gross anatomy in a clinical skills course. Clin Anat. 2000; 13(6): 444-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Vidic B, Weitlauf HM. Horizontal and vertical integration of academic disciplines in the medical school curriculum. Clin Anat. 2002; 15(3): 233-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Langlois J, Wells GA, Lecourtois M, Bergeron G, Yetisir E, Martin M. Spatial abilities in an elective course of applied anatomy after a problem-based learning curriculum. Anat Sci Educ. 2009; 2(3): 107-12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Mallon WT, Biebuyck JF, Jones RF. The reorganization of basic science departments in U.S. medical schools, 1980-1999. Acad Med. 2003; 78(3): 302-6[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments