Thrita

Published by: Kowsar

Comparison of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Between Mild and Severe Non-cardiac Chest Pain

Mostafa Bahremand 1 , Mozhgan Saeidi 2 , Fariba Takallo 1 and Saeid Komasi 2 , 3 , *
Authors Information
1 Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IR Iran
2 Cardiac Rehabilitation Center, Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IR Iran
3 Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IR Iran
Article information
  • Thrita: June 01, 2016, 5 (2); e32752
  • Published Online: May 30, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 30, 2015
  • Revised: November 2, 2015
  • Accepted: November 3, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/thrita.32752

To Cite: Bahremand M, Saeidi M, Takallo F, Komasi S. Comparison of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Between Mild and Severe Non-cardiac Chest Pain, Thrita. 2016 ;5(2):e32752. doi: 10.5812/thrita.32752.

Abstract
Copyright © 2016, Thrita. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Footnote
References
  • 1. Eslick GD, Jones MP, Talley NJ. Non-cardiac chest pain: prevalence, risk factors, impact and consulting--a population-based study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003; 17(9): 1115-24[PubMed]
  • 2. Sheps DS, Creed F, Clouse RE. Chest pain in patients with cardiac and noncardiac disease. Psychosom Med. 2004; 66(6): 861-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Fass R, Achem SR. Noncardiac chest pain: epidemiology, natural course and pathogenesis. J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011; 17(2): 110-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Goldberg DP, Bridges K, Duncan-Jones P, Grayson D. Dimensions of neuroses seen in primary-care settings. Psychol Med. 1987; 17(2): 461-70[PubMed]
  • 5. Eslick GD, Fass R. Noncardiac chest pain: evaluation and treatment. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2003; 32(2): 531-52[PubMed]
  • 6. Glombiewski JA, Rief W, Bosner S, Keller H, Martin A, Donner-Banzhoff N. The course of nonspecific chest pain in primary care: symptom persistence and health care usage. Arch Intern Med. 2010; 170(3): 251-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Beitman BD, Mukerji V, Lamberti JW, Schmid L, DeRosear L, Kushner M, et al. Panic disorder in patients with chest pain and angiographically normal coronary arteries. Am J Cardiol 1989; 63(18): 1399-403[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Jerlock M, Kjellgren KI, Gaston-Johansson F, Lissner L, Manhem K, Rosengren A, et al. Psychosocial profile in men and women with unexplained chest pain. J Intern Med. 2008; 264(3): 265-74[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Katon W, Hall ML, Russo J, Cormier L, Hollifield M, Vitaliano PP, et al. Chest pain: relationship of psychiatric illness to coronary arteriographic results. Am J Med. 1988; 84(1): 1-9[PubMed]
  • 10. Kuijpers PM, Denollet J, Wellens HJ, Crijns HM, Honig A. Noncardiac chest pain in the emergency department: the role of cardiac history, anxiety or depression and Type D personality. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007; 14(2): 273-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Eken C, Oktay C, Bacanli A, Gulen B, Koparan C, Ugras SS, et al. Anxiety and depressive disorders in patients presenting with chest pain to the emergency department: a comparison between cardiac and non-cardiac origin. J Emerg Med. 2010; 39(2): 144-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Mourad G, Jaarsma T, Hallert C, Stromberg A. Depressive symptoms and healthcare utilization in patients with noncardiac chest pain compared to patients with ischemic heart disease. Heart Lung. 2012; 41(5): 446-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Eslick GD, Coulshed DS, Talley NJ. Review article: the burden of illness of non-cardiac chest pain. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2002; 16(7): 1217-23[PubMed]
  • 14. Bahremand M, Saeidi M, Komasi S. Non-Coronary Patients with Severe Chest Pain Show More Irrational Beliefs Compared to Patients with Mild Pain. Korean J Fam Med. 2015; 36(4): 180-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Ifudu O, Paul HR, Homel P, Friedman EA. Predictive value of functional status for mortality in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Am J Nephrol. 1998; 18(2): 109-16[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Bahremand M, Moradi G, Saeidi M, Mohammadi S, Komasi S. Reducing Irrational Beliefs and Pain Severity in Patients Suffering from Non-Cardiac Chest Pain (NCCP): A Comparison of Relaxation Training and Metaphor Therapy. Korean J Pain. 2015; 28(2): 88-95[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Lovibond PF, Lovibond SH. The structure of negative emotional states: comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behav Res Ther. 1995; 33(3): 335-43[PubMed]
  • 18. Sahebi A. Reliability and validity of the Lovibond stress, anxiety and depression scale. Unpublished report. 2001;
  • 19. Webster RA. Psychological distress in non-cardiac chest pain patients: An application of the common sense model of illness representations. 2012;
  • 20. Nijher G, Weinman J, Bass C, Chambers J. Chest pain in people with normal coronary anatomy. BMJ. 2001; 323(7325): 1319-20[PubMed]
  • 21. Sadock B, Sadock V. Synopsis of Psychiatry (10th Edition). 2007;
  • 22. Eck AT, Clark DA. Anxiety and Depression, An Information Processing Perspective. Anxiety Research. 1988; 1: 13-36
  • 23. Salkovskis PM, Westbrook D. Behaviour therapy and obsessional ruminations: can failure be turned into success? Behav Res Ther. 1989; 27(2): 149-60[PubMed]
  • 24. Meichenbaum DH. Stress-inoculation training for coping with stressors. Clinical Psychologist. 1996; 49: 4–7
Readers' Comments