Published by: Kowsar

Effects of Waterpipe Smoking, Immobilization and Darkness Stress on Serum Creatine Kinase and Alkaline Phosphatase Levels in Female Rats

Rahim Ahmadi 1 and Sedigheh Molaei 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, IR Iran
2 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, IR Iran
Article information
  • Thrita: December 1, 2015, 4 (4); e32693
  • Published Online: December 14, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 25, 2015
  • Accepted: August 26, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/thrita.32693

To Cite: Ahmadi R, Molaei S. Effects of Waterpipe Smoking, Immobilization and Darkness Stress on Serum Creatine Kinase and Alkaline Phosphatase Levels in Female Rats, Thrita. 2015 ;4(4):e32693. doi: 10.5812/thrita.32693.

Copyright © 2015, Thrita. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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