Thrita

Published by: Kowsar

Psychological Capital of Employees of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences During 2010-2011

Hussein Dargahi 1 , *
Author Information
1 Health Care Management Department, School of Allied Medicine, Health Information Management Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Thrita: June 15, 2013, 2 (2); 120-6
  • Published Online: December 15, 2012
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 3, 2012
  • Revised: August 7, 2012
  • Accepted: August 16, 2012
  • DOI: 10.5812/thrita.7073

To Cite: Dargahi H. Psychological Capital of Employees of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences During 2010-2011, Thrita. 2013 ;2(2):120-6. doi: 10.5812/thrita.7073.

Abstract
Copyright © 2012, Thrita. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Hui Z, Li-ming Z. Positive Organizational Behavior: a New Field of Organizational Behavior [J]. J Beijing Technol Business Univ (Social Science). 2007; 3: 21
  • 2. Peterson C. A primer in positive psychology. Oxford University Press, USA. 2006;
  • 3. Gable SL, Haidt J. What (and why) is positive psychology? Rev General Psychol. 2005; 9(2): 103[DOI]
  • 4. Seligman ME, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology progress: empirical validation of interventions. Am Psychol. 2005; 60(5): 410-21[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Lee Duckworth A, Steen TA, Seligman ME. Positive psychology in clinical practice. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2005; 1: 629-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Jiang S, Miao Y. Psychological Capital—Positive Psychology Research [J]. J Gannan Normal Univ. 2010; 1: 28
  • 7. Baol W, Rong-li G. Research on the human capital investment way. J Harbin Univ Commerce. 2009; 4
  • 8. Ping X. Psychological Capital: Construct, Measurement and Research Progress. On Economic Problems. 2010; 2: 6
  • 9. Luthans F, Avey JB, Patera JL. Experimental analysis of a web-based training intervention to develop positive psychological capital. Academy Manage Learn Educ. 2008; 7(2): 209-21[DOI]
  • 10. Snyder CR, Forsyth DR. Handbook of social and clinical psychology: The health perspective. Pergamon Press. 1991;
  • 11. Bandura A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. 1997;
  • 12. Reivich K, Gillham J. Learned optimism: The measurement of explanatory style. 2003;
  • 13. Scheier MF, Carver CS. Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychol. 1985; 4(3): 219-47[DOI]
  • 14. Block J, Kremen AM. IQ and ego-resiliency: conceptual and empirical connections and separateness. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1996; 70(2): 349-61[DOI]
  • 15. Tugade MM, Fredrickson BL, Barrett LF. Psychological resilience and positive emotional granularity: examining the benefits of positive emotions on coping and health. J Pers. 2004; 72(6): 1161-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Luthans F, Avolio BJ, Walumbwa FO, Li W. The psychological capital of Chinese workers: Exploring the relationship with performance. Manage Organiz Rev. 2005; 1(2): 249-71[DOI]
  • 17. Youssef CM, Luthans F. Positive Organizational Behavior in the Workplace The Impact of Hope, Optimism, and Resilience. J Management. 2007; 33(5): 774-800[DOI]
  • 18. Luthans F. The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. J Organization Behavior. 2002; 23(6): 695-706[DOI]
  • 19. Avey JB, Luthans F, Smith RM, Palmer NF. Impact of positive psychological capital on employee well-being over time. J Occup Health Psychol. 2010; 15(1): 17-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Avey JB, Wernsing TS, Mhatre KH. A longitudinal analysis of positive psychological constructs and emotions on stress, anxiety, and well-being. J Leader Organization Studies. 2011; 18(2): 216-28[DOI]
  • 21. Avey JB, Patera JL, West BJ. The implications of positive psychological capital on employee absenteeism. J Leader Organization Studies. 2006; 13(2): 42-60[DOI]
  • 22. Fredrickson BL. The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. Am Psychol. 2001; 56(3): 218-26[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Avey JB, Wernsing TS, Luthans F. Can positive employees help positive organizational change? Impact of psychological capital and emotions on relevant attitudes and behaviors. J Applied Behavior Sci. 2008; 44(1): 48-70[DOI]
  • 24. Luthans F, Youssef CM. Human, Social, and Now Positive Psychological Capital Management: Investing in people for competitive advantage. Organization Dynamic. 2004;
  • 25. Larson M, Luthans F. Potential added value of psychological capital in predicting work attitude. JLOS. 2006; 13(2): 75-92
  • 26. Avey JB, Luthans F, Youssef CM. The additive value of positive psychological capital in predicting work attitudes and behaviors. J Management. 2010; 36(2): 430-52[DOI]
  • 27. Snyder CR. Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications. Academic press. 2000;
  • 28. Lopez SJ, Snyder C. Oxford handbook of positive psychology. Oxford University Press, USA. 2009; [DOI]
  • 29. Peterson SJ, Luthans F. The positive impact and development of hopeful leaders. Leader Organiza Develop J. 2003; 24(1): 26-31[DOI]
  • 30. Luthans F, Jensen SM. Hope: A new positive strength for human resource development. Human Resource Develop Rev. 2002; 1(3): 304-22[DOI]
  • 31. Snyder CR. Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry. 2002; 13(4): 249-75[DOI]
  • 32. Searle TP, Barbuto JE. Servant leadership, hope, and organizational virtuousness: A framework exploring positive micro and macro behaviors and performance impact. J Leader Organization Studies. 2011; 18(1): 107-17[DOI]
  • 33. Coutu DL. How resilience works. Harvard Business Rev. 2002; 80(5): 46-56[PubMed]
  • 34. Masten AS. Ordinary magic. Resilience processes in development. Am Psychol. 2001; 56(3): 227-38[DOI]
  • 35. Youssef CM, Luthans F. Resiliency development of organizations, leaders and employees: Multi-level theory building for sustained performance. Monographs Leader Manage. 2005; 3: 303-44
  • 36. Dutton JE. Positive organizational scholarship. Emory University. 2005;
  • 37. Luthans F, Vogelgesang GR, Lester PB. Developing the psychological capital of resiliency. Human Resource Develop Rev. 2006; 5(1): 25-44[DOI]
  • 38. Peterson C. The future of optimism. American psychol. 2000; 55(1): 44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Bandura A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. 1997;
  • 40. Lifeng Z. Effects of Psychological Capital on Employees' Job Performance, Organizational Commitment, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior [J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica. 2007; 2: 18
  • 41. Waldersee R, Luthans F. The impact of positive and corrective feedback on customer service performance. J Organization Behavior. 1994; 15(1): 83-95[DOI]
  • 42. Bandura A. Social foundations of thought and action. Health Psychol Read. 2009; : 94-106
  • 43. Luthans F, Welsh DHB, Rasenkrantz SA. What do Russian managers ready do? an observational study with comparisons to U.S. managers. J Int Business Studies. 1993; 4: 741-61[DOI]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments