Association of Dietary Factors With Male and Female Infertility: Review of Current Evidence

Abstract


Context: The aim of this study was to review research articles concerning association between dietary factors and infertility in males and females.

Evidence Acquisition: Literature review was performed on articles concerning male and female infertility and nutrition using the PubMed, EMBASE, and Scientific Information databases between January 1978 and July 2014. The bibliographies of included studies were searched for additional references.

Results: The effect of macronutrients (fat, carbohydrate, and protein) and food groups (dairy) on ovulatory infertility is related to their quality and quantity. High intake of antioxidants, fruits, vegetables, poultry, seafood, skim milk, and shellfish as well as low intake of full-fat dairy food intake, sweets, and processed meat with especially high-saturated fat foods were reported to have favorable association with sperm quality.

Conclusions: Studies revealed that nutritional factors play a substantial role in preventing or facilitating infertility.